Exhbition – Infographics
Making a Point
Wealth versus Happiness Infographiti
When invited for the exhibition "Graphic Material" we took the opportunity to further conceptualize and materialize our ever evolving infographics project called infographiti.
Toko work on display during the exhibition are a 2x3 metre rug, which visualizes and contextualizes the worlds ecological footprint, and a 2x2 metre compilation of 3-dimensional canvasses, visualizing and contradicting the common understanding that money (National GDP per capita) equals happiness (National Satisfaction with Life).
Graphic Material is an exhibition of new and innovative works by leading local and international graphic designers who question and push the material boundaries of their discipline.
The lines between design disciplines, often conceptualised in terms of their material output, are becoming increasingly blurred.
Traversing contemporary design, art and technology, the exhibition is an exploration of graphic design which, freed from the constraints of ink on paper, challenges this assumption, dissolving traditional boundaries between the graphic, industrial and architectural.
Curated by Aaron Seymour,
the exhibition features work by Toko, Collider, Jürg Lehni, Mark Gowing,
Bert Simons, Jeremy Wood,
Sabrina Raaf, Aaron Seymour,
Post Spectacular, Frost Design,
Ian Stevenson and Trigger.
12-6pm, Monday - Friday
3 August - 3 September
6-8pm, Tuesday 3 August
6.30-7.30pm, Wednesday 4 August
Lunchtime curator floor talk
1-2pm, Tuesday 10 August
UTS Gallery, Level 4, 702 Harris Street, Ultimo
10 x 10 Project
Toko is excited to be included
in Creative Sydney's 10 x 10 project, listing the 100 most inspirational creatives in Sydney.
The 10x10 Project harnesses the power of personal recommendation to support a network of creative talent.
Ten industry icons selected their top ten Sydney-based creative businesses or practitioners. You can view the full list on the dedicated micro-site, hosted by TheLoop.
For Love and Money
For Love and Money:
Liz Farrelly and Olivia Triggs
Various work, interview
Some of our work is published in Laurence King's publication "For Love and Money" curated by Liz Farrelly and Olivia Triggs.
Over the past decade there has been a creative rebirth in the practice of illustration; today illustration is everywhere, from global ad campaigns, to the covers of glossy magazines, in animated Hollywood blockbusters and even on the screens of our mobile phones.
Contemporary illustrators are breaking the mould in terms of aesthetics, production and techniques, and have more applications, methodologies and fans than ever before.
This book investigates the myriad ways of working and creating, by featuring portfolios of images from a diverse range of more than 80 contemporary practitioners.
Each design portfolio is accompanied by analysis and an interview with the illustrator. By showcasing new talent with a focus on current trends, this book offers a definitive guide to illustration in the new millennium.
The Power 20 Issue;
Who are Australia and New Zealand’s leading creative minds?
Toko listed in Top 20 leading creative minds in Australia and New Zealand.
Black & White Types
Black & White Types
by Melanie Hick, june 2009
Interview with Toko
about Toko's bespoke
apparel brand “HighTee”
Regular Graphic Design
Graphic design is in constant flux. In recent years, the digitalisation of media and the return of materials and personal identity have strongly influenced the development of graphic design and its adjoining disciplines. This evolution has prompted designers to define new rules and aesthetics paving the way for future media.
Regular documents the current state of graphic design and presents a new generation of creative excellence.
The book features examples of progressive manifestations in the printed form from poster design, book and magazine editorial design to typography.
This expansive volume provides an in depth look at the state-of-the-art of contemporary graphic design.
Toko wins Hotshop Award
in the competitive
The Creative HotShop Awards are recognised as one of Australia’s and New Zealand’s most distinguished platforms for uncovering and celebrating the region’s best professional creative talent.
What the judges had to say:
“This years standout design HotShop blew the competition aside with its European style and consistent ability to
produce enchanting work”.
“You get the sense that Toko is taking chances, even though there was a consistency to
it’s work, each piece remained surprising.
Another judge described Toko as taking design beyond convention with its Dutch credibility.
One judge went on to say:
“Inspired and consistent work
a standout winner with work
that made my heart flutter”
Words divide, Images unite
DSO Annual Report
“Graphs as works of art”
Exhibition: Centraal Museum Utrecht 24 Nov. 2007 - 11 Feb. 2008).
The exhibition was declared ‘one of the most important of 2007’ by the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad.)
The world speaks in about 7000 tongues, and countless dialects. For centuries, people have tried to overcome this tower of Babel. For instance by propagating one language or by making a new language, such as Esperanto.
But the language which today is best understood world-wide does not consist of words, but of images. A universal visual language was the ideal of two Modernists: the social scientist and philosopher Otto Neurath (1882-1945) and graphic designer Gerd Arntz (1900-1988).
In Vienna, from the 1920s onward, they developed more than 4000 icons, which together formed Isotype: a visual language in which important information on society, politics, economy and industry could be summarized, also for those who could not read well. Thus Neurath’s motto: ‘words (which not everyone can read) divide, images (which can be understood by all) unite.’ Nowadays, the whole world communicates in images. But with its dissemination, this lovely language for all spawns more and more dialects. Visual language has grown up; everyone understands its basics, but individuals vary on it to write their own visual poetry.
This book and the exhibition aims at providing material for the discussion about visual communication tomorrow. Are the generic guidelines of Otto Neurath and Gerd Arntz still valid? Or have they become embedded into a visual language that by now goes well beyond their project? And what is the future role of designers/communicators in using and expanding this language?
Tres Logos is a state-of-the-art visual encyclopedia of the current evolution of logo design that investigates recent developments such as the influence of illustration and street art.
Featuring more than 4,400 examples, the book explores the exceptional visual language of logos and the stylistic approaches to their creation by designers from around the globe.
In addition to the rich and fully indexed selection of logos and their applications, Tres Logos also features interviews with designers that provide valuable insight into working successfully in logo design today.
Future classic & Australian INfront
Designer Disco, part of Sydney Design, is an exhibition by Australian Infront and Future classics.
The exhibition is the visual counterpart of Future Classic's insanely popular underground clubnight Adult Disco.
During Sydney Design week, the laneway behind the music venue, is illuminated and enlightened by an exhibition of lightbox artworks by an array of designers including Alter, Future Classic, Greedy Hen, Leif Podhajsky, Like Minded Studio, Miricro/Maricar, Sensory, Sopp Collective, String Theory, Toko and We Buy Your Kids.
Toko's contribution "Save the Vinyl" is a tribute to a vanishing music carrier and a historic versatile artistic canvas for the graphic designer.
The lettering of On Language in the New York Times Magazine
For almost 30 years, The New York Times Magazine’s resident linguist extraordinaire, William Safire, in his popular On Language column, analyzed hundreds of contemporary word and phrases – from archaism to slang and everything in between.
In 2005, the magazine’s art director, Arem Duplessis, began assigning designers, typographers and letterers to render the week’s showcased vernacular in their own customized conceptual lettering. Language is more than words, and by giving visual form to these verbal constructs, the artists individualized the concepts, making each phrase into a veritable logo.
The exhibition Wordplay features work by Toko and over 200 contemporary designers, illustrators, artists and typographers commisioned by The New York Times.
Thursday April 22, 2010, 7–9 p.m.
The New York Times
620 eighth Avenue, 7th floor
R.S.V.P. required to: email@example.com
in Contemporary Graphics
Retro design has emerged today as designers begin to look back to the vivid 20th century and find inspirations for new graphic styles in the depressive pixel age.
Witnessing a bold and pronounced application of shapes, typefaces and illustration works in contemporary graphic art, Flashback unveils how the epoch persists to be an enduring spring inside modern creative studios in the well-defined sections of Geometry, Typography and Illustration.
Go Font Urself
Helvetica Neue Light, 2834 pt
Acrylic on T-shaped Canvas
Fonts are used everywhere, everyday, by everyone, and so it seems the craft behind what was once a hailed art form has now been lost and somewhat taken for granted.
Go Font Ur Self* is dedicated to exploring and pushing the diverse range of techniques employed in type design of past, present and future through original pieces of work from talented typographers worldwide.
Toko's contribution is a handpainted T-shaped canvas. The graphic lines evolve around the central shape of the canvas which is a capital T in type size 2834pt.
How to be a graphic designer?
Interview, various work
This is the first and most complete handbook for the aspiring graphic designer.
Fully illustrated with both contemporary and historical references, it provides inspiration from the top designers in the world on how they do what they do so well including a complete reference of all the top design schools worldwide.
It delivers up and coming designers with all the practical insight they need, to make it in the world of graphic design. From how to be more creative and how to stay on top creatively to the ins and outs of running a design business to the challenges of working in-house, this book will help anyone interested in graphic design decide on the right path for their career and give them the tools to make it into the career they want.
With the proliferation of digital tools that fuse both traditional and cutting-edge techniques, typography is becoming increasingly experimental and multi-faceted.
From pen-and-ink vernacular styles to digital rendering, to the use of mixed media, this volume showcases how new typefaces have been formed, transformed and used in unconventional ways to create symbolic images and patterns.
The Keywords on Visual Arts
in The Netherlands
Words divide, Images unite
DSO Annual Report
“Graphs as works of art”
Empty Magzine 9
Interview and portfolio presentation
EMPTY is a magazine about creativity, in all its forms and gets published whenever they get round to it.
The wonderland of logo design
Among corporate business of small and large, the identity of a company is very important. It differs a company from its competitors. And when it comes to identity, logo plays a significant role.
This book is a comprehensive and inspiring collection of logo design that reveals its very latest trend.
Nice to Meet You
Various business cards
The design undertaking for a business card is never easy although it is often regarded as simple. It needs to bring out the image and the message that the person or the company wants to tell. It works as a tool of communication to the receivers, just like an advertisement. If it functions well, it should be able to connect you with the others. It may be the colour used works; it may be the proportion between type and graphics that looks interesting; it may be the material used that attracts people, all of these could be the reason to stop the receiver throwing away your card and hold on to it. So what is it that we need to pay attention during the design process and how do they work? The book will tell you all.
Nice To Meet You is a showcase of a great number of design solutions from an international perspective, showing how each solution is perfectly modified for a particular person or company, and offers an excellent source of inspiration for all design industries and creative individuals.
4 clamps, 8 screws and a hose
Approx. 150 x 50 cm
As part of Sydney Design Toko collaborated with Metalab on the inspiring event called Designer Sushi.
Our contribution to the exhibition 'DispHosed' is inspired on the content of our given sushi box; a collection of rubber hoses. The result is a sustainable installation and object where reusability and poetry meets.
A discarded water hose turned into makeshift vase. A little idea to help reduce waste and generate a smile.
4 clamps, 8 screws and a hose, simplicity.
Start with a pre-packaged sushi box filled with an eclectic mix of everyday bits and pieces. Add a diverse range of designers from a variety of disciplines. Blend them together to create fresh and original artwork flavoured with the spice of design.
This exhibition – a collaboration between Metalab, Cloth and Germany’s mmmh! Designer-Sushi – will display the boxes alongside the new outcomes throughout August. These beautiful and balanced works create order out of chaos while highlighting how everyday objects can act as inpiration to all types of designers.
We are thrilled to say that we were again nominated this year as one of the 3 hottest creatives shops in Australia.
Celebrate, Collect, Manifest
Design Hub Barcelona
Laboratory, Centre, Museum, 2009
Design network Infographiti
Barcelona is the host of a new design museum called: Design Hub Barcelon. Their aim is to become the "HUB" where (inter)national creativity and design will meet.
To mark the establishment of DHUB and the opening of the museum Toko was asked, among 35 design professionals around the world, to make a design contribution on the topic DesignHub, and illustrate ideas suggested by the DHUB name or discourse. Participants are; Toko, Ivan Chermayeff, Bureau Mirko Borsche, Ed Fella, Toormix, Vier5, Hort, Dieter Wiechmann, Büro Uebele, Astrid Seme, Werkplaats Typografie, Cobbenhagen Hendriksen, Karlssonwilker Inc., Milton Glaser and more...
Toko's contribution to the museum comprises of a logo and visual identity which is not a finished product, but materialisation of the vision of the museum's current stage of infancy, a design hub to become.
A Hub obtains importance through developing connections.
In our contribution we stimulate this process for the museum by connecting as many designers / creatives to the museum and each other as we can.
The data we collect during this staged networking process forms the museums virtual identity. An organic and dynamic identity which, guided by the incoming data, is in constant development, relating to the actual growth of the museum's design network.
This visual identity jumpstarts the process of network creation, helping the museum to become the Hub they aim for.
Edited by DHUB, with the support of Fundació Comunicació Gràfica, the project is on display at the Arts Santa Mònica centre, within the framework of the first Arts Libris. Fira del Llibre d’Art i Disseny a Barcelona.
Thursday 22 April 2010 at 7 p.m.
Sala Balcó Arts Santa Mònica (La Rambla, 7. 08002 Barcelona)
Wear it with Pride
T-shirt and Poster design
85 Federal laws that discriminated against same-sex couples and their families have been reformed.
These historic 85 reforms reward decades of protesting. To celebrate, 85 artists designed 85 T-Shirts and posters inspired by each law reform.
During the launch of the campaign on the steps of the Sydney Opera House, 85 influential Australians, both straight and gay, were wearing these T-shirts with pride, to spread the knowledge across the country.
Toko contributed a t-shirt and poster design featuring nr 33.
Humanity / Equality
Expected Birthdays Graphiti
Part of Sydney Design 2009, EyeSaw is an annual event inviting the country’s top graphic designers to create and install a piece of visual communication transforming the Ultimo public space, Omnibus Lane, into an inspiring, outdoor exhibition, in an attempt to demonstrate the power of intelligent and thoughtfull design .
Our response to this years theme ‘Equality / Humanity' is a 3 x 4 meter graph installation: Birthday Expectancy Infographiti
Infographiti is a project that has been around since Toko designed the much praised and widely publicized annual report for the City of The Hague in The Netherlands.
Under the project name ‘Infographiti’ Toko explores the idea of the graph as a work of ‘abstract art’. An ongoing series of graph generated artworks and installations in which the boundaries between art, science, research and graphic design are progressively blurred and challenged.
With the infographiti installation for Eyesaw 2009, we put the finger on the shocking inequality in life expectancies around the Globe.
The two opposite ends of the life expectancy spectrum are visualized through the amount of birthdays one can expect to have, which is represented by birthday cake doilies. One doily for every birthday (cake). Swaziland (orange) can count on a shocking average of only 32 birthdays as opposed to Macau with a staggering average of 84 birthdays.
EyeSaw 2009 Exhibition
Omnibus Lane, Ultimo
The Book of Inspiration
Computer Arts Magazine
Interview, various work
The Book of Inspiration is a luxury volume from the makers of Computer Arts magazine, featuring 192 pages of the world’s very best digital art, design and illustration.
Design and Design
Book of the Year, Volume 1
732 awarded designs awarded
identity and packaging design
The DesignAndDesign.com website is focused on the community of designers worldwide and was created to showcase their latest and most innovative design work.
Every day, it features two design pieces, selected from the graphic, packaging and product design submissions received daily from a wide range of international designers.
The book of the year shows these 730 fresh, and for the most part unpublished original designs.
Computer Arts 143
Interview about “ Logo secrets”
The Condition of
How is graphic design possible?
Asked so many times in the past, this question has often functioned as life prolongation device that drove the infinite cycle of deconstruction and reconstruction of graphic design itself.
But we would like to first accept the fact that it is not easy to understand the graphic design in the post-historical world, and that it is not possible to describe and tell about the official history of graphic design after the Modern Era.
In this special feature article, we would like to cut the continuity of such movement of graphic design so that we could record and mark in details the present moment of graphic design.
Works and texts of different designers with different contexts are juxtaposed in every spread so that they are violently dissimilated beyond the context of each.
We hope the readers will be able to form the image of today’s graphic design that may appear like a constellation in the night sky.
Toko VS Dutch design
Curated by the Design Institute of Australia, 6x6 presents 6 leading design practitioners, from 6 different decades. Drawn from a mix of design disciplines they share their invaluable insights in the various creative industries through 6 slides each.
Wednesday 11 August 2010, 6:30pm
Coles Theatre, Powerhouse Museum
Agda Act Now
Agda ACT Now is a creative industry event by Toko and Agda ACT held at the National Portrait Gallery in Canberra.
Toko and Agda ACT collaborated on this event, to generate engagement and food for debate amongst peers in the Graphic Design Industry in the Australian Capital Territory.
Creatives were given the opportunity to participate and engage by submitting their thoughts on "Agda Act Now" as posters on the allocated website.
Agda Young Lions
Seminar Young Lions:
Andrew Moffitt + Mark Moffitt
We’ve seen their work celebrated in the pages of numerous awards annuals and glossy magazines, but what are the innermost thoughts of the next wave of creative directors making their way through the scene? How do they perceive the design industry?
Where are they taking design in the future and how do they plan to get their businesses there without sacrificing the quality and creativity of their work? What are the greatest challenges they face and how do they deal with them?
Find out what keeps these designers challenged, inspired and engaged in the industry,
and how they plan to reshape it over the course of the next few years.
Monday 19 April, 2010
5.45pm for 6pm start
Surry Hills Neighbourhood Centre
Level 1, 405 Crown Street
Surry Hills NSW 2010
(the new Surry Hills Library building, opposite the Clock Hotel)
By Invitation Only
Tempting Invites in DM Design
Edited by viction:ary
Invitation is a means of formal social communication that happens all year round. Whether it is made to inspire or bring memories, the ultimate goal of sending invitations is to draw attention and convince its recipients to take part in the great happenings coming up.
By Invitation Only investigates how today’s invitation design speaks the hosts’ heart and soul and connects people with fresh appeal. From event objectives to designers’ brilliant use of simple graphics, materials and tricks, this new title is asking you to forget the torment of opening junk and release the thrill of unwrapping more than 160 collectible invitations at a time!
A visual guide to the language, applications, and history
of graphic design.
Graphic Design, Referenced is a visual and informational guide to the most commonly referenced terms, historical moments, landmark projects, and influential practitioners in the field of graphic design.
With more than 2,000 design projects illustrating more than 400 entries, it provides an intense overview of the varied elements that make up the graphic design profession through a unique set of chapters.
Graphic Design, Referenced serves as a comprehensive source of information and inspiration by documenting and chronicling the scope of contemporary graphic design, stemming from the middle of the twentieth century to today.
Lyrics and Type
Lyrics & Type is a series of typographic projects inviting15 of the worlds leading international typographers, designers and illustrators to graphically interpret song lyrics by famous singers and/or songwriters into an individual graphic image.
Toko’s contribution is a graphic interpretation of the track ‘You are the worst thing in the world’ from the latest album ‘Immolate yourself’ of the music collective Telefon Tel Aviv.
A typographic translation of the tracks multiple layers, tactility and beautiful layered electronics. The lyric specifically chozen for the artwork
‘I know that you’re the silence after the sound is gone away’ is a tribute to Charles Wesley Cooper from TelefonTel Aviv who past away last January just before the release of
Curated by Gorker gallery (Timba Smits) in association with Semi-Permanent and Design is Kinky (DiK)
Toko special feature.
We Make Magazines
art direction, layout, and type design
We Make Magazines explores magazine culture and celebrates the energy and visual dynamite that can be found outside the publishing mainstream. The bookt features exclusive interviews with international magazine experts and illustrates the diverse topics that are fundamental to magazine publishing.
While showcasing more than 100 independent magazines from 30 countries around the globe with stunning spreads and layouts, it also includes a directory to over 700 of the most cutting-edge independent magazines, an essential read for everyone with a passion for print.
The Sydney Design Guide
Studio profile, Toko Apparel HighTee
The 350-page limited-edition book features Sydney-based designer profiles, and sections including ‘Architecture & Built Environment’, ‘Industrial Design’, ‘Eat/Sleep/Drink’, and ‘Design Resources’.
The anti-war movement illustrated
3 anti-war posters
The publication and exhibition PEACE SIGNS is much more than a collection of 200 anti-war graphics relating to the Iraq War and the global protests leading up to the conflict.
PEACE SIGNS is about the collective effort of a worldwide resistance to war.
The posters question the very definition of patriotism, capitalism and the imperialistic intentions of the US government. The graphic styles displayed are as diverse as the people and countries themselves, ranging from the humorous to the sobering, each containing their own brand of thought-provoking slogans and images.
PEACE SIGNS documents the creative side of activism and reminds future generations that massive resistance to war and public policy existed in 2003. It connects the past to the present and has the ability to inspire future artwork and actions against war.
Graphic Design Festival
We are very pleased to be invited to be part of this years Graphic Design Festival in Breda.
Every year the world's only graphic design museum, located in Breda, The Netherlands, curates a leading, international Graphic Design Festival.
For this years edition of the museum's festival Toko was asked, among 48 other internationally renowned designers, to design a poster for the festivals poster project. With decoding as it's main theme, the 49 unique posters form a tour, leading visitors to the various festival venues around the city of Breda.
Toko's poster submission is an ode to genetic code which appeared on Earth with the first cells. Codes of cultural evolution arrived almost 4 billion years later. (Marcello Barbieri)
Our understanding of the mathematical principles behind our physical world is increasing and it provides us with 'tools' to create a new and exciting digital world. Most 'codes' are virtual and a state of mind but some are 'present' and provide systems to generate new forms of architecture and e.g. cures for diseases. The human 'interference' in the natural world is what we visualized through our design by using a cross section of Cedar wood and altering it into a human creation.
in Graphic Design
Wealth vs Happiness
Data Flow 2 expands the definition of contemporary information graphics. The book features new possibilities for diagrams, maps, and charts and investigates the visual and intuitive presentation of processes and data.
Eight comprehensive chapters illuminate how techniques such as simplification, abstraction, metaphor, and dramatization function. Data Flow 2 is a valuable reference offering practical advice, background, case studies, and inspiration.
International Designers network
Type can be commonly seen in our everyday lives, from covers of books, contents of commercial posters, to prints on your T-shirt. Despite its commonness, it is still one of the most favorable elements that designers love to play with. The talented type players always inject life and sprit into the letters and characters, making type more appealing and fascinating.
Type Player collects the world¯s latest and creative typographic design and their applications, an indispensable resource to any designer who looks forward to original and high-quality work.
Various graph based work
The application of diagrams extends beyond its classical field of use today. Data Flow charts this development, introduces the expansive scope of innovatively designed diagrams and presents an abundant range of possibilities in visualising data and information. These range from chart-like diagrams such as bar, plot, line diagrams and spider charts, graph-based diagrams including line, matrix, process flow, and molecular diagrams to extremely complex three-dimensional diagrams.
Data Flow is an up-to-date survey providing cutting-edge aesthetics and inspirational solutions for designers, and at the same time unlocks a new field of visual codes...
100 Most Influential
Toko was curated as 1 out of 100 Influential contemporary graphic designers worldwide.
The only international guide to contemporary graphics juried and described by ten of the world’s leading designers and critics.
An interdisciplinary multi-format exhibition presenting works of digital artists (part of the ISEA2009 conference, Belfast)
Wealth VS Happiness Graphiti
‘Template’ presents current tendencies in visual media by interdisciplinary artists working in the fields of digital music, generative art and graphic design. The project features exclusive editions of high quality fine art prints alongside supported digital imagery exhibited on digital photo frames.
The 500x700mm Giclée prints are printed on 310gsm Photo Rag Satin archival paper in strictly limited numbered editions of 20.
Belfast, N. Ireland
20 August - 26 September 2009
Joe Gilmore and Chris Murphy
Desktop Magazine 238
Super Holland Design
Publication - Exhibition
Super Holland Design is the second volume of Holland Design, a new and compelling overview of current Dutch graphic design.
The book explores new creative functionality in contemporary Dutch design. Rather than refining surface treatments, the featured designers look at how concepts are transformed into strong messages, using new techniques and technology.
Chance / Toeval
Part of the Graphic Design Festival Breda, The Netherlands, is an exhibition by Henk Cornelissen called “Toeval” (coincidence).
The graphic artworks of Henk Cornelissen are all based on coincidences and 100 of these
“coincidence” art works were exhibited during the Graphic Design Festival in Breda.
Toko, was asked, along other previous Master alumni of AKV|St. Joost,
to design a unique poster for
the Toeval /Chance exhibition.
Toko designed two posters for this exhibition. One poster is a play on one of the techniques Henk uses to create coincidences, being dices.
The other poster is a research in all the key dates in Henk’s professional life in search for a relationship between events and its durations. The result is a graph of Henk’s life visualized as a work of “abstract art”, exactly the opposite of coincidence, namely “the facts of life”.
24 mei t/m 29 juni 2008
Stadsgalerij, Breda, The Netherlands
Los 4 Logos
Gestalten’s best-selling Logos series has documented and indicated design styles and trends in contemporary logo design worldwide. At 568 pages, Los Logos 4 provides an overview of current developments and advances in logo design.
This authoritative compendium is the largest volume to date showcasing a collection of over 5,000 examples of stylistic approaches by designers from around the globe by bourgeoning design talent and once again offering an essential resource for all designers.